Specified or Equivalent Academic Qualification in Property Management

Specified or Equivalent Academic Qualification in Property Management

Having an academic qualifications specified by the Property Management Services Authority (PMSA) is one of the criteria for holding a property management practitioner (PMP) licence.
Organisations or educational institutions wishing to have their programs of study so specified may make an application with the PMSA. Click here for more information on the criteria for an educational program leading to a specified academic qualification.
The following are degrees, associate degrees, diplomas and equivalent academic qualifications in property management (in alphabetical order) specified by the PMSA:

Specified degrees in property management (for PMP (Tier 1) Licence)

InstitutionName of Program
City University of Hong KongMaster of Arts in Housing and Urban Management (Housing Stream)Note1
Master of Arts in Housing Studies
Master of Urban Design and Regional Planning
Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Housing Studies (intake in or before 2009)
Bachelor of Science in Surveying
Bachelor of Social Sciences (Honours) in Administration and Public Management (intake in or before 2014)
Bachelor of Social Sciences in Public Policy and Politics (Housing and Urban Studies Stream)
De Montfort University (program provided by School of Continuing and Professional Education, City University of Hong Kong)Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Public Administration and Management (Housing Specialisation)Note 2
Hong Kong Metropolitan University (previously known as "The Open University of Hong Kong" prior to 1 September 2021)Master of Professional Management in Real Estate
Bachelor of Business Administration with Honours in Real Estate and Facilities Management
Leeds Beckett University, UK (program provided by Asian Institute of Built Environment)Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Housing Studies
Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong KongBachelor of Science (Honours) in Surveying
The Chinese University of Hong KongMaster of Science in Real Estate (the previous title before 2021/22 was "Master of Science in Management of Real Estate and Hospitality Assets")
Bachelor of Business Administration Programme in Hospitality and Real Estate
Bachelor of Social Science Programme in Urban studies
The Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityMaster of Science in Construction and Real Estate
Master of Science in Facility Management
Master of Science in High Performance Buildings
Master of Science in Project Management
Master of Science in Sustainable Urban Development
Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Property Management
Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Surveying
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, School of Professional Education and Executive DevelopmentBachelor of Arts in Housing Management
Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Housing Management
Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Surveying
The Hong Kong University of Science and TechnologyMaster of Science in Environmental Science and Management
Bachelor of Science in Environmental Management and Technology (intake in or before 2019)
The University of Hong KongMaster of Housing Management (Professional Stream)Note 3
Master of Science in Integrated Project Delivery
Master of Science in Real Estate
Bachelor of Arts in Conservation
Bachelor of Arts in Urban Studies
Bachelor of Science in Surveying

Note 1: Apart from a graduation certificate, applicants are required to provide a document (such as a transcript) issued by the City University of Hong Kong indicating that the programme completed was “Housing Stream”.

Note 2: Applicants are required to provide a document (such as a transcript) issued by the De Montfort University indicating that they have completed the four modules of “Housing Specialisation”.

Note 3: Apart from a graduation certificate, applicants are required to provide a document (such as a transcript) issued by the University of Hong Kong indicating that the programme completed was the “Professional Stream”.

Specified academic qualifications in property management considered equivalent to degree (for PMP (Tier 1) Licence)

InstitutionName of Program
Department of Extra-mural Studies, The University of Hong KongCertificate in Housing Management
Diploma in Housing Management
HKU School of Professional and Continuing EducationDiploma in Housing Management
Professional Diploma in Housing Management

Specified associate degrees and diplomas in property management (for PMP (Tier 2) Licence)

InstitutionName of Program
Caritas Bianchi College of CareersProfessional Diploma in Property Management
City University of Hong KongAssociate of Science in Surveying
City University of Hong Kong, School of Continuing and Professional EducationContinuing Education Diploma in Property Management (intake in September 2011 to September 2012)
Professional Diploma in Property Management
Professional Diploma in Property Management Practices (intake in or after September 2020; or intake between June 2018 and January 2020 and completed the bridging course Note 4)
HKU School of Professional and Continuing EducationAdvanced Diploma in Facility and Property Management
Hong Kong College of TechnologyProfessional Diploma in Property and Facilities Management (Level 4)
Professional Diploma in Property and Facilities Management (QF Level 4)
Hong Kong Metropolitan University, Li Ka Shing School of Professional and Continuing Education (previously known as "The Open University of Hong Kong, Li Ka Shing School of Professional and Continuing Education" prior to 1 September 2021)Professional Diploma in Property ManagementNote 5
Professional Diploma in Property and Facilities Management
Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong KongHigher Diploma in Surveying – Quantity Surveying and Property & Facility Management Stream
The Hong Kong Institute of Vocational EducationProfessional Diploma in Property and Facilities Management (Customer Services) (QF Level 4)
Professional Diploma in Property and Facilities Management (Facilities Services) (QF Level 4)
Higher Diploma in Real Estate and Property Management (the previous title before 2018/19 was "Higher Diploma in Real Estate Management")
Higher Diploma in Surveying
The Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHigher Diploma in Building Technology and Management (Surveying)

Note 4: The bridging course includes two modules, they are “Property Management and Customer Service Practices” module and “Human Resource Management” module.

Note 5: The registration number under the Qualifications Register as appears on graduation certificate should be 17/000796/L4.

Last modified: 7 July 2021

Examples of the application of the minimum manning ratios

The criteria for holding a property management company (PMC) licence are:
  • Criterion 1: The PMC must engage at least one licensed PMP (Tier 1) (whether part-time or full-time), who has effective control of the provision of property management services by the PMC; and
  • Criterion 2: The PMC must engage a number of full-time licensed PMPs that meets the minimum manning ratios specified by the PMSA.
The minimum manning ratios are:
Below are some examples of how the manning ratios are applied:
ExampleNumber of flats in the portfolioThe required number of full-time licensed PMPs engaged
Tier 1Tier 2Total
A0000
B1,500112
C1,501123
D3,000123
E3,001235
F5,900246
G20,00071421
In Example A, the PMC does not have any property in its portfolio. One reason could be that the PMC is newly established and has not entered into any management contract yet. Another reason could be that the PMC has outsourced all property management services to another licensed PMC (subcontractor) in which case the property in question is deemed to be in the portfolio of the subcontractor (more examples of outsourcing may be found here). In these cases, the PMC is not required to engage any licensed PMP, but for it to hold a PMC licence, it must still fulfil criterion 1 stated above.
If the licensed PMP (Tier 1) who fulfils criteria 1 is engaged on a full-time basis, then he or she may be included in the staff of full-time licensed PMPs for the purpose of meeting the minimum manning ratios.
A PMC may choose to engage an equal number of licensed PMP (Tier 1), instead of licensed PMP (Tier 2), to fulfill the minimum manning ratio for licensed PMP (Tier 2). For example, a PMC in Example D stated above may choose to engage a total of three licensed PMPs (Tier 1) instead of one licensed PMP (Tier 1) and two licensed PMPs (Tier 2).
“Flats” are defined as any premises in a building which are referred to in a deed of mutual covenant (DMC) whether described therein as a flat or by any other name and whether used as a dwelling, shop, factory, office or for any other purpose, of which the owner, as between himself and owners or occupiers of other parts of the same building, is entitled to the exclusive possession. Properties without a DMC are not to be included in the portfolio for the purpose of the minimum manning ratios. More information about how the number of flats should be calculated may be found here.
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Complaint Handling Mechanism of Property Management Companies

Copy No.: C2/2021
Effective Date: 8 January 2021

Preamble

The following code of conduct (“Code”) is issued by the Property Management Services Authority pursuant to section 5 of the Property Management Services Ordinance (“PMSO”) and contains practical guidance for the purposes of section 4 of the PMSO (disciplinary offences). Although a licensee1 does not incur a legal liability only because the licensee has contravened a provision of the Code, the Code is admissible in evidence in disciplinary hearings, and proof that a licensee contravened or did not contravene the relevant provision of the Code may be relied on as tending to establish or negate a matter that is in issue in the hearings.

Code

Complaint procedures and systems

A(1) A licensed property management company (“licensed PMC”) has to establish an effective complaint2 handling mechanism (“mechanism”) for each property for which property management services (“PMSs”) are provided by it. A notice containing details of the mechanism shall be displayed in a prominent place in the property so as to enable the licensed PMC’s clients3 to know the details of the mechanism.

A(2) The notice mentioned in paragraph A(1) of the Code shall include the details of the mechanism and the following matters:

  • Ways of lodging a complaint;
  • Clients may obtain details of the mechanism4;
  • Personal information collection statement; and
  • Contact information of the person-in-charge (see paragraph B(1) of the Code).

A(3) The mechanism shall include the following elements:

  • Appointing a person-in-charge to supervise the handling of complaints;
  • Acknowledging receipt of and recording complaints;
  • Handling complaints promptly;
  • Notifying complainant of progress and result timely; and
  • Proper record-keeping and providing complaint information.

Appointing a person-in-charge to supervise the handling of complaints

B(1) A licensed PMC has to, for each property for which PMSs are provided by it, appoint a licensed PMP (“person-in-charge”) to supervise the handling of complaints and display the name, licence number and telephone number and/or email address of the person-in-charge in a prominent place in the property.

Acknowledging receipt of and recording complaints

C(1) Subject to paragraph E(3) of the Code, upon receipt of a complaint, the person-in-charge has to, as soon as reasonably practicable, arrange to assign a case number to the complaint, record its brief facts in the complaint register5, acknowledge receipt of the complaint and provide the case number to the complainant6.

C(2) The person-in-charge has to ensure that the following information is recorded in the complaint register: the name of the complainant (if provided); brief facts of the complaint and the date on which the complaint is recorded.

C(3) The person-in-charge has to check the complaint register regularly and rectify or arrange for rectification of any error found as soon as reasonably practicable.

Handling complaints promptly

D(1) Upon receipt of a complaint, a licensed PMC has to, as soon as reasonably practicable, carry out follow-up actions in accordance with the mechanism. However, a licensed PMC may not deal with an anonymous complaint7.

D(2) Subject to paragraph E(3) of the Code, if a licensed PMC is unable to handle the complaint (e.g. the person under complaint is not a staff member of the licensed PMC or the matter of complaint is outside the scope of the PMSs provided by the licensed PMC), the licensed PMC has to, with the consent of the complainant, refer the complaint to the relevant person or organization (e.g. management committee or owners’ committee) or advise the complainant to contact the relevant person or organization directly.

Notifying complainant of progress and result timely

E(1) Subject to paragraph E(3) of the Code, a licensed PMC has to timely notify the complainant the progress of follow-up action(s) taken.

E(2) Subject to paragraph E(3) of the Code, a licensed PMC has to, at the conclusion of follow-up action(s) taken, notify the complainant of the result, explain to the complainant the relevant follow-up action(s) taken (if any) and the reasons for reaching the conclusion (if applicable).

E(3) If the complainant is not a client or is an anonymous complainant, the licensed PMC is not required to contact or notify the complainant in accordance with the guidelines set out in paragraphs C(1), D(2), E(1) and E(2) of the Code. However, the licensed PMC still has to act in accordance with other guidelines of the Code.

Proper record-keeping and providing complaint information

F(1) A licensed PMC has to keep properly all relevant complaint information8 and documents for not less than 3 years commencing from the date of receipt of a complaint (no matter whether the complaint is established or not). A licensed PMC has to, upon written request (if any) by the owners’ organization, provide yearly statistical information on complaints (including the nature of complaints, the sub-total and total number of complaints) to the owners’ organisation.

Note

  1. The term “licensee” means the holder of the following licence: a PMC licence; a PMP (Tier 1) licence; a PMP (Tier 2) licence; a provisional PMP (Tier 1) licence; or a provisional PMP (Tier 2) licence.
  2. A licensed PMC is not required to follow the Code if it reasonably believes that a person has only made an enquiry or provided opinion or information, but has not made a complaint. A complaint may be lodged by a named or an anonymous person and such person includes a client, a user or a visitor of the relevant property. Complaints may be lodged through different ways, including complaint made verbally, by telephone, fax or email, etc. If a licensed PMC reasonably believes that the identity of a complainant cannot be ascertained through the information the complainant has provided, it may deal with the complaint as if it were an anonymous complaint.
  3. The term “client” has the same meaning as defined in section 16 of the PMSO, i.e. “in relation to a property for which a licensed PMC provides property management services, means— (a) the owners’ organization of the property; and (b) the owners of the property who pay or are liable to pay the management expenses in respect of the services”. According to such definition, a tenant is not a client.
  4. A licensed PMC may, after receipt of payment of a reasonable copying fee, provide a copy of the mechanism to a client.
  5. The complaint register may be in electronic form. Licensed PMCs may set up separate complaint registers for different parts of the property (e.g. residential area, club house, etc.).
  6. The guidelines on the requirement to contact a complainant apply to the situation where the complainant has provided contact information. If the complainant has not provided any contact information, the guidelines on contacting a complainant set out in paragraphs C(1), D(2), E(1) and E(2) of the Code do not apply.
  7. Although a licensed PMC may not deal with an anonymous complaint, it is still required to record such a complaint in the complaint register in accordance with paragraph C(1) of the Code.
  8. Relevant information includes records of verbal and telephone communication with the complainants.

Criteria for a specified academic qualification

Having an academic qualification specified by the Property Management Services Authority (PMSA) is one of the criteria for holding a property management practitioner licence.  In determining whether to specify an academic qualification, the PMSA will consider the following factors:

Level and credits under the Hong Kong Qualifications Framework

In general, a degree or equivalent qualification must have a minimum of 150 QF Credits at QF Level 5 or above, while an associate degree, a diploma or an equivalent qualification, must have a minimum of 90 QF Credits at QF Level 4 or above.

Relevance to the property management profession
The PMSA uses the “Vocational Qualifications Pathway” (VQP) formulated by the Property Management Industry Training Advisory Committee as an assessment tool. In general, a learning program must cover at least four out of the seven functional areas and one of the areas covered must be “Law in Practice”. In addition, the competency requirements covered by the program must be those formulated for the post of “property manager” (for a PMP (Tier1) licence) or “property officer” (for a PMP (Tier 2) licence) under the VQP. A functional area is not considered covered by the program unless the number of competency requirements under that functional area meets or exceeds that specified by the PMSA as follows:
Competency requirements under VOPUnits of competency requirements for property managerUnits of competency requirements for property officer
1. Management of the property environmentMinimum 3Minimum 3
2. Building repair and maintenance / improvement and enhancementMinimum 2Minimum 2
3. Property management services for owners, tenants and the communityMinimum 3Minimum 3
4. Facility managementMinimum 2Minimum 1
5. Law in practiceAll required unitsAll required units
6. Finance and asset managementMinimum 1Minimum 1
7. Human resources managementMinimum 2Minimum 2

Making an application

Organisations or educational institutions wishing to have their learning programs so specified may make an application (form in Chinese only) with the PMSA.

Note: For details of the functional areas and units of competency of the competency requirements for the positions of property managers and property officers, please refer to: https://www.hkqf.gov.hk/pm/en/vqp/pathways/index.html

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General Code of Conduct

Code No.:C1/2020
Effective Date:7 August 2020

Preamble

The following code of conduct (Code) is issued by the Property Management Services Authority (PMSA) pursuant to section 5 of the Property Management Services Ordinance (PMSO) and contains practical guidance for the purposes of section 4 of the PMSO (disciplinary offence). Although a licensee does not incur a legal liability only because the licensee has contravened a provision of the Code, the Code is admissible in evidence in disciplinary hearings, and proof that a licensee contravened or did not contravene the relevant provision of the Code may be relied on as tending to establish or negate a matter that is in issue in the hearings.

Code

  1. A licensee must not commit misconduct or neglect in a professional respect.
  2. A licensee must provide services to the licensee’s clients with honesty, fidelity and integrity.
  3. A licensee must, to the best of the licensee’s knowledge, provide accurate and relevant information or advice to the licensee’s clients to facilitate them to make informed judgments and decisions.
  4. A licensee must establish proper procedures and systems to manage and supervise the property management services provided by the licensee.
  5. A licensee must, in the course of the licensee’s practice, act in an impartial and just manner towards the licensee’s clients and any other parties concerned.
  6. A licensee should avoid conflict of interests with the licensee’s clients. In the event of possible or potential conflict of interests (whether pecuniary or beneficial interest), a licensee must as soon as reasonably practicable disclose to the licensee’s clients in detail such interests.
  7. A licensee must not maliciously injure the reputation, nor publicly disparage the practice, of other property management services providers.
  8. A licensee must not do anything which may bring disrepute to the property management profession.
  9. A licensee must, in the course of the licensee’s practice, comply with the laws of Hong Kong.

 

Note

  1. The term “licensee” means the holder of a PMC licence; a PMP (Tier 1) licence; a PMP (Tier 2) licence; a provisional PMP (Tier 1) licence; or a provisional PMP (Tier 2) licence.
  2. The term “client” has the same meaning as defined in section 16 of the PMSO. Section 16 of the PMSO provides: “client (客戶), in relation to a property for which a licensed PMC provides property management services, means— (a) the owners’ organization of the property; and (b) the owners of the property who pay or are liable to pay the management expenses in respect of the services.”
  3. To determine whether a licensee has acted in accordance with paragraphs (3) and (4) of the Code, the PMSA will consider the terms of the relevant contract entered into between the licensee and the licensee’s client in order to determine the scope of property management services to be provided and the duties to be carried out by the licensee.
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Effective Control over Property Management Business by Property Management Companies

Copy No.: C3/2021
Effective Date: 8 January 2021

Preamble

The following code of conduct (“Code”) is issued by the Property Management Services Authority pursuant to section 5 of the Property Management Services Ordinance (“PMSO”) and contains practical guidance for the purposes of section 4 of the PMSO (disciplinary offences). Although a licensee1 does not incur a legal liability only because the licensee has contravened a provision of the Code, the Code is admissible in evidence in disciplinary hearings, and proof that a licensee contravened or did not contravene the relevant provision of the Code may be relied on as tending to establish or negate a matter that is in issue in the hearings.

Code

Establishing mechanism for effective control over business

A(1) A licensed property management company (“licensed PMC”) has to establish an effective control mechanism (“mechanism”) for its business to provide property management services (“PMSs”). The mechanism shall include the following elements:

  • Establishing management team structure;
  • Setting out work guidelines;
  • Providing sufficient manpower;
  • Providing sufficient resources;
  • Providing appropriate training;
  • Effective monitoring;
  • Regular assessment;
  • Taking appropriate follow-up actions;
  • Keeping records; and
  • Supervising sub-contractors.

Establishing management team structure

B(1) A licensed PMC has to, with respect to each property for which PMSs are provided by it, establish a management team structure and prepare a management team operational chart to enable its employees to know the structure of the management team in order to facilitate carrying out duties and reporting work development.

Setting out work guidelines

C(1) A licensed PMC has to set out proper work procedures and clear guidelines for its employees to follow in the provision of PMSs. A licensed PMC has to review and/or update the relevant work procedures and guidelines regularly to ensure that they comply with operational requirements.

Providing sufficient manpower

D(1) A licensed PMC has to enter into an agreement with its client2 with respect to the provision of PMSs and has to arrange sufficient manpower to provide PMSs according to the agreement.

Providing sufficient resources

E(1) A licensed PMC has to provide necessary and suitable material and equipment to its employees so as to enable them to provide PMSs effectively under safe working conditions.

Providing appropriate training

F(1) A licensed PMC has to provide appropriate training to its employees in the provision of PMSs in order to enable them to perform their duties in compliance with the relevant work procedures and guidelines. A licensed PMC has to strengthen training for employees who fail to perform their duties according to the relevant work procedures and guidelines.

Effective monitoring

G(1) A licensed PMC has to continuously and effectively monitor the work and conduct of its employees who provide PMSs and has to conduct regular review to ensure that its employees follow the relevant work procedures and guidelines.

Regular assessment

H(1) A licensed PMC has to periodically evaluate the work performance of its employees who provide PMSs in order to determine whether its employees have followed the relevant work procedures and guidelines and consider whether it is necessary to strengthen training or provide further guidance.

Taking appropriate follow-up actions

I(1) A licensed PMC has to take appropriate follow-up actions in respect of employees who fail to follow the relevant work procedures and guidelines.

Keeping records

J(1) A licensed PMC has to keep the relevant information and documents in relation to the implementation of the Code for not less than 3 years.

Supervising sub-contractors

K(1) If a licensed PMC sub-contracts all or part of its PMSs to a sub-contractor or a service provider, the licensed PMC has to supervise the sub-contractor or service provider suitably, no matter whether the sub-contractor or service provider is a licensee or not.

Note

  1. The term “licensee” means the holder of the following licence: a PMC licence; a PMP (Tier 1) licence; a PMP (Tier 2) licence; a provisional PMP (Tier 1) licence; or a provisional PMP (Tier 2) licence.
  2. The term “client” has the same meaning as defined in section 16 of the PMSO, i.e. “in relation to a property for which a licensed PMC provides property management services, means— (a) the owners’ organization of the property; and (b) the owners of the property who pay or are liable to pay the management expenses in respect of the services”. According to such definition, a tenant is not a client.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.

According to the PMSO, the PMSA requires that a member of the PMSA must disclose to the PMSA any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by the PMSA.  The PMSO also provides that the PMSA is to establish and maintain a register relating to any such disclosed interests which it must make available for inspection through the Internet.

The purpose of maintaining and publishing a register of interests is not specified in the PMSO.  Nonetheless, the PMSA infers that the purpose is to enhance transparency and to ensure objectivity, fairness and public confidence in the decision-making of the PMSA.

The register of interests may contain personal data as defined in the Personal Data (Privacy) Ordinance.  By accessing the register for this Member, you acknowledge the above stated purposes of the register and undertake not to use the personal data for any other purposes.

To view the register for this Member, please click “Continue”.